There is a special work of architecture you wouldn't expect to see in downtown Toronto.
多倫多市中心有一個你料想不到的特殊建築作品。

(右鍵可另存)
  Casa Loma's name means house on the hill, but calling it a house doesn't seem accurate. The three main buildings—Casa Loma, the Hunting Lodge, and the stables—are connected by tunnels that run under the huge property. Together, all the buildings on the property take up more than 6,000 square meters, and the tower _(1)_ to Casa Loma is seven stories tall.
  The original owner of Casa Loma was Sir Henry Pellatt, a wealthy businessman from the early 1900s. Sir Henry established a number of successful companies, including railways and an electric company. His accomplishments even _(2)_ him a knighthood from the King of England. To celebrate his great success, Sir Henry built Casa Loma. _(3)_ began in 1911, and it took 300 workers three years to finish it.
  Unfortunately for Sir Henry, his businesses did not make enough money to maintain _(4)_ of his huge home. In the 1920s, he fell on hard times and made some bad investment decisions. He and his wife, Lady Pellatt, left Casa Loma and the Toronto City government sold off all their other property. When Sir Henry's wife died, Toronto also _(5)_ Casa Loma.
  For years, the city of Toronto didn't know what to do with Casa Loma, and for some time it operated as a luxury hotel. During World War II, the government _(6)_ secret research in the empty castle. Now, Casa Loma is a tourist attraction and museum. Its beautiful, old buildings are popular spots for wedding ceremonies and special events, and several crews have _(7)_ it to use as a film set. Though it isn't as old as many European castles, Casa Loma has a rich history all its own.
1. (A) attaching   (B) attaches   (C) is attached  (D) attached
2. (A) owed    (B) awarded   (C) earned   (D) assigned
3. (A) Construction (B) Consumption (C) Conservation (D) Compensation
4. (A) dignity   (B) milestone (C) likelihood   (D) ownership
5. (A) put up with  (B) took control of (C) cut down on (D) had faith in
6. (A) made   (B) conducted   (C) produced   (D) went
7. (A) bet   (B) set   (C) put   (D) fit

1. Together, all the buildings on the property take up more than 6,000 square meters, and the tower attached to Casa Loma is seven stories tall.
所有地上建築物占地六千多平方公尺,而與卡薩羅馬相連的塔樓則有七層樓高。

理由:
a. 原句實為:"... and the tower which is attached to Casa Loma is seven stories tall.",此處省略關係代名詞 which,其後 be 動詞 is 化為現在分詞 being 後予以省略,即成 "attached to Casa Loma"。
The house (which was) designed by the architect is spectacular.
那位建築師設計的房子非常壯觀。
*spectacular a. 壯觀的
b. 根據上述,(D) 項應為正選。

2. His accomplishments even earned him a knighthood from the King of England.
他的成就甚至為自己贏得英國國王授與爵士爵位。

理由:
a. (A) owe vt. 欠(錢、債等)
: owe sb sth  欠某人某物
You still owe me NT$1,000 even though you seem to have forgotten it.
你仍欠我新臺幣一千元,儘管你似乎已忘了這碼事。
(B) award vt. 給予,授與
: award sb sth  頒發某人某物
The boss awarded Mark the employee-of-the-year certificate.
老闆頒給馬克年度傑出員工的證書。
*certificate n. 證書;證明
(C) earn vt. 取得,獲得(學位)
: earn sb sth  為某人贏得某物
Hank's brave act earned him the respect of the whole town.
漢克的英勇行為使他贏得全鎮的尊敬。
(D) assign vt. 指派,分配
: assign sb sth  分配某人某事
My boss assigned me the difficult task of finding new suppliers in India.
老闆指派給我在印度找尋幾家新供應商的艱鉅任務。
*supplier n. 供應商
b. 根據語意,(C) 項應為正選。

3. Construction began in 1911, and it took 300 workers three years to finish it.
工程始於 1911 年,由三百名工人歷時三年的時間完成。

理由:
a. (A) construction n. 工程,建造
: under construction  在興建中
The building is under construction and will not be finished until early next year.
這棟大樓正在施工中,明年初才能完工。
(B) consumption n. 消耗;消費
This car's fuel consumption is very low.
這輛車不會很耗油。
*fuel n. 燃料
(C) conservation n. 保育;保護
The international conservation group condemned the fishermen for killing endangered animals.
該國際保育團體譴責漁民殺害瀕臨絕種的動物。
*condemn vt. 譴責
(D) compensation n. 補償
The union is seeking compensation for the injured workers.
該工會正為受傷的工人尋求賠償。
b. 根據語意,(A) 項應為正選。

4. Unfortunately for Sir Henry, his businesses did not make enough money to maintain ownership of his huge home.
不幸的是,就亨利爵士而言,他的企業無法掙得足夠的錢以維持個人龐大家園的所有權。

理由:
a. (A) dignity n. 尊嚴
Tim has no dignity when it comes to money.
一提到錢,提姆根本毫無尊嚴可言。
*when it comes to...  談到∕提及……
(B) milestone n. 里程碑
The day Rose became a mother marked a major milestone in her life.
蘿絲當媽媽的那天成了她生命中重要的里程碑。
(C) likelihood n. 可能性
Statistically, the likelihood of dying in a plane crash is very small.
按統計,死於空難的可能性微乎其微。
*statistically adv. 統計上
(D) ownership n. 所有權
The two families fought over the ownership of the land.
那兩個家族為了這塊土地的所有權而爭吵。
b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。

5. When Sir Henry's wife died, Toronto also took control of Casa Loma.
亨利爵士的妻子去世時,多倫多市政府還接手了卡薩羅馬城堡的管理權。

理由:
a. (A) put up with...  容忍……
: tolerate vt.
= stand vt.
I cannot put up with your attitude. It is very annoying.
我無法容忍你的態度。非常討人厭。
(B) take control of...  掌控……
Are you brave enough to take control of your own life and change your destiny?
你有足夠的勇氣去掌控自己的人生並改變命運嗎?
(C) cut down on...   減少……(的量)
We use both sides of the paper in our copy machines to cut down on waste.
我們影印時每張紙都雙面使用以減少浪費。
(D) have faith in...  對……有信心
: have confidence / trust in...
You should have faith in me and know that I won't let you down.
你應該對我有信心,知道我不會讓你失望的。
b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。

6. During World War II, the government conducted secret research in the empty castle.
第二次世界大戰期間,該政府在這座無人城堡裡進行了祕密研究。

理由:
a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
conduct research  做研究
: carry out / do research
conduct vt. 進行(研究、調查等)
Scientists have conducted extensive research into alternative energy sources.
科學家針對替代性能源已進行廣泛的研究。
*extensive a. 廣泛的;大量的
alternative a. 可替代的
b.根據上述用法,(B) 項應為正選。

7. Its beautiful, old buildings are popular spots for wedding ceremonies and special events, and several crews have put it to use as a film set.
它那美麗的古老建築是許多婚禮和特別活動的首選熱門場地,不少劇組皆曾利用它作為電影場景。

理由:
a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
put... to (good) use  (善加)利用……
Jake put his drawing skills to use and finished the poster ahead of schedule.
傑克運用了他的繪畫技巧,提前完成了那張海報。
*ahead of schedule  比預定時間提前
b.根據上述用法,(C) 項應為正選。

  1. accurate a. 貼切的;準確的
    : inaccurate a. 不精準的
    This device should enable scientists to be more accurate in predicting earthquakes.
    這項儀器應該可以使科學家更準確地預測地震。
    If anything in a column is inaccurate, it must be corrected in the newspaper within a week.
    如果專欄文章中出現偏差的情況,必須於一週內在報紙上予以更正。
  2. property n. 房產;財產;特性
    Insiders said the current price for ordinary property is still too high, and far beyond the standard.
    知情人士透露普通房產的目前價格還是過高,遠遠超出了標準。
    *insider n. 知悉內情者;圈內人
    We will sue that company for violating our intellectual property rights.
    我們要控告那家公司侵犯我們的智慧財產權。
    The scientists compared the physical properties of the two substances.
    科學家比較了這兩種物質的物理特性。
    *substance n. 物質
  3. story n. 樓層;故事
    : a building of 10 stories  十層樓高的建築
    = a 10-story building
  4. establish vt. 創辦,建立
    The brand was established some 50 years ago.
    該品牌大約在五十年前成立。
    *some + 數字  大約若干……
  5. accomplishment n. 成就
    : accomplish vt. 達成,完成
    Helping others gives Christine a sense of accomplishment.
    幫助他人讓克莉絲汀很有成就感。
    Only by working hard can you accomplish your goals.
    你只有靠努力才能達成目標。
  6. maintain vt. 維持,維護
    : maintenance n. 保養;維持
    Jerry's 10-year-old scooter is well maintained and still runs like new.
    傑瑞那臺車齡十年的機車保養得很好,騎起來仍像新的一樣。
    Proper maintenance is necessary to keep a vehicle running.
    為使車輛不壞,適當的保養是必須的。
  7. investment n. 投資
    : make an investment in... 投資……
    Sean lost a lot of money by making a poor investment in that lousy company.
    尚恩在那家爛公司投資失利,損失了不少錢。
    *lousy a. 差勁的
  8. luxury n. 奢侈(不可數)
    : luxurious a. 豪華的,奢侈的
    I can do without luxury goods, but I cannot do without books.
    我可以沒有奢侈品,但卻不能沒有書。
    *do without...  沒有……
    Ray bought a luxurious mansion for his parents after he made a fortune investing in real estate.
    投資不動產致富後,阿睿買了一棟豪宅給他的雙親。
    *real estate n. 房地產
  9. ceremony n. 典禮
    : a wedding / graduation ceremony  婚禮∕畢業典禮
  10. crew n. 全體工作人員(集合名詞,不可數)
    : a crew of + 數字  幾位工作人員
    We have a crew of 15 on our plane.
    = We have 15 crew members on our plane.
    我們機上一共有十五位機組人員。

lodge n. 小屋,小舍
stable n. 馬廄,馬房
railway n. 鐵路
knighthood n.(英國)爵士封號
: Dame n. 女爵士(英國榮譽頭銜)

1. take up...  占用……(空間或時間)
We should not buy this table because it takes up too much space.
我們不應該買這張桌子,因為它太占空間了。

2. a number of + 複數名詞  若干……
比較 an amount of + 不可數名詞  若干量……
Phil has owned a number of cars over the years, and he got all of them from the same used car dealership.
這些年來,菲爾擁有一些轎車,這些都是他從相同的二手車行買的。
Only a small amount of this drug is needed for the treatment of the disease.
該疾病只需要少量的這種藥物就能治療。

3. fall on hard times  遭遇不幸,倒楣
Edward fell on hard times after the divorce left him penniless.
愛德華在離婚後身無分文,生活陷入困境。
*penniless a. 身無分文的

4. sell off... / sell... off  將……廉價賣出
The farmer was down on his luck and had to sell off some of his machinery.
那名農夫時運不濟,而必須廉價出售一些農具。
*down on one's luck  某人時運不濟∕落魄的

多倫多瑰寶 卡薩羅馬
多倫多市中心有一個你料想不到的特殊建築作品。

  卡薩羅馬這個名字代表山丘上的房子,不過稱它為房子似乎沒那麼貼切。卡薩羅馬、狩獵小屋和馬廄這三個主要建築由打通這座巨大莊園底部的隧道所連接。所有地上建築物占地六千多平方公尺,而與卡薩羅馬相連的塔樓則有七層樓高。
  卡薩羅馬城堡的原主人為二十世紀初的富商亨利․佩雷特爵士。亨利爵士創立了許多成功的企業,其中包括鐵路及電力公司。他的成就甚至為自己贏得英國國王授與爵士爵位。為了慶祝自己的事業大獲成功,亨利․佩雷特爵士建造了卡薩羅馬城堡。工程始於 1911 年,由三百名工人歷時三年的時間完成。
  不幸的是,就亨利爵士而言,他的企業無法掙得足夠的錢以維持個人龐大家園的所有權。1920 年代,他陷入困境,且做出一些不當的投資決定。他和他的妻子佩雷特夫人離開了卡薩羅馬城堡,而多倫多市政府便賣掉他們所有其他的地產。亨利爵士的妻子去世時,多倫多市政府還接手了卡薩羅馬城堡的管理權。
  多年來,多倫多市不知該怎麼處理卡薩羅馬城堡,曾有一段時期,它還以豪華酒店的形式營運。第二次世界大戰期間,該政府在這座無人城堡裡進行了祕密研究。如今,卡薩羅馬城堡成為了一處旅遊景點,也是一座博物館。它那美麗的古老建築是許多婚禮和特別活動的首選熱門場地,不少劇組皆曾利用它作為電影場景。儘管卡薩羅馬城堡不像許多歐洲城堡一樣古老,它還是有自己的一段風光歷史。
答案: 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. B 7. C

引用自常春藤網路書城https://www.ivy.com.tw/index.php 

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