In the jungles of Malaysia, a deadly hunter hides behind bright colors.
在馬來西亞的叢林中,一種致命的獵食者躲藏在明亮色彩的背後。

(右鍵可另存)
   In 1879, an Australian explorer returned home with an incredible story of brightly colored flowers that caught and ate butterflies in the jungles of Malaysia. This story of killer flowers had _(1)_ for many years before scientists discovered that it was not a rare, carnivorous plant at all. In fact, it was a beautiful species of insect, which they _(2)_ the orchid mantis.
  Mimicking the shape and color of flowers, all orchid mantises are a _(3)_ of white and bright pink, and their rounded legs look just like flower petals. Orchid mantises are _(4)_ to the more common praying mantises. Both insects use sharp front legs to catch their prey and eat it _(5)_. However, scientists were surprised that the butterflies would approach a _(6)_ this way, so they did some research.
  One of the first things they found is that the orchid mantis would hide among flowers that looked _(7)_ to it. In addition to this camouflage _(8)_, some of the mantises hunt against green vegetation so that they can be seen easily. Then, there is the orchid mantis' color. To humans, they look pink and white, but some insects see more colors than we can. A butterfly sees a beautiful, delicious flower that it can't _(9)_. Sadly for the butterfly, instead of getting a meal, that tasty-looking "flower" _(10)_ the poor insect out of the sky and devours it.
  Biologists are still studying the orchid mantis, and there's a lot left to learn. But one thing is for sure: the orchid mantis is as deadly as it is beautiful.
(A) alive (B) named (C) snatches (D) related (E) tactic
(F) similar (G) continued (H) resist (I) mixture (J) predator

1. deadly a. 致命的
Some snakes are deadly, so make sure to avoid getting close enough for any to bite you.
有些蛇類很致命,因此務必不要靠得太近,以免牠們咬到你。

2. hide vi. 躲藏 & vt. 把……藏起來(三態為︰hide, hid, hidden。)
: hide from...  躲避……
hide A from B  將 A 藏起來避免被 B 發現
The mayor didn't hide from the questions. Instead, he explained everything honestly.
那位市長並沒有逃避問題。相反地,他誠實解釋每件事。
Billy tried to hide his secret from his mom, but to no avail.
比利想把祕密瞞著媽媽,但卻徒勞無功。
*to no avail  徒勞無功,白費工夫

3. incredible a. 令人難以置信的
The fact that Angel has been working here for over 30 years is incredible.
安琪兒在這裡工作超過三十年,這真是令人難以置信。

4. rare a. 罕見的,稀少的
This comic book is rare and worth lots of money.
這本漫畫書很稀有,且值很多錢。
*be worth + 金額  值……(錢)

5. species n. 物種(單複數同形)

6. orchid mantis  蘭花螳螂
orchid n. 蘭花
mantis n. 螳螂

7. mimic vt. 模仿
(三態為:mimic, mimicked, mimicked,現在分詞及動名詞為 mimicking。)
The parrot mimicked the sound of the doorbell.
那隻鸚鵡模仿門鈴的聲音。
*parrot n. 鸚鵡

8. petal n. 花瓣

9. sharp a. 鋒利的 & adv. ……整(用於時間)
: sharpen vt. 削尖
Be careful with that knife because it's very sharp.
小心那把刀,因為它非常鋒利。
Meet me at the corner at three o'clock sharp.
三點整在轉角處見。
My pencil is blunt. Can you help me sharpen it?
我的鉛筆鈍了。你可以幫我把它削尖嗎?
*blunt a. 鈍的,不利的

10. prey n. 被捕食的動物,獵物(集合名詞,不可數)& vi. 獵捕(與介詞 on 並用)
A hawk hovered over the prairie, searching for its prey.
一隻老鷹在大草原上盤旋,尋找著獵物。
*hawk n. 鷹,隼
hover over...  在……上空盤旋
hover vi.(鳥、直升機)盤旋
prairie n. 大草原
Cats prey on birds and mice.
貓會捕食鳥和老鼠。

11. approach vt. & vi. 接近,靠近
We had to slow down as we approached the traffic light.
當我們接近紅綠燈時得減速。

12. among prep. 在……之間
Michael felt out of place among all the girls in the dance class.
麥可在一整班都是女生的舞蹈課中感到格格不入。
*feel out of place  (覺得)格格不入

13. devour vt. 大口吃,狼吞虎嚥
The dog first sniffed at the food and then devoured everything in less than a minute.
小狗先是聞了聞食物,然後不到一分鐘就把東西吃個精光。
*sniff at...  聞……
sniff vi. 聞;大聲吸氣

carnivorous a. 肉食性的
: herbivorous a. 草食性的
rounded a. 弧形的
praying mantis  螳螂
camouflage n. & vt. 偽裝;掩飾
vegetation n. 植物,草木(總稱,不可數)
biologist n. 生物學家
: biology n. 生物學
biologically adv. 生物學上

美麗的偽裝高手 ―― 蘭花螳螂
在馬來西亞的叢林中,一種致命的獵食者躲藏在明亮色彩的背後。
  1879 年,一名澳洲探險家帶著一則不可思議的故事回到家中:在馬來西亞叢林中目睹色彩鮮豔的花朵捕食了蝴蝶。這種殺手花朵的故事曾經流傳了許多年,之後科學家才發現那根本不是一種罕見的肉食性植物。事實上,牠是一種美麗的昆蟲,他們將之命名為蘭花螳螂。
  所有的蘭花螳螂都會模仿花朵的形狀和顏色,牠們的身體是白色和亮粉紅色的混合,而牠們弧形的腿看起來就像是花瓣一樣。蘭花螳螂與比較常見的螳螂是同類。兩種昆蟲都運用鋒利的前腿活捉獵物並趁著牠活的時候吃下牠。然而,科學家們驚訝的是,蝴蝶竟會這樣接近掠食者,因此他們做了一些研究。
  他們發現的第一件事是蘭花螳螂會隱藏在看起來像自己的花朵之中。除了這種偽裝伎倆外,還有一些螳螂會以綠色植物為背景來狩獵,如此牠們就能輕易被看到。接著是蘭花螳螂的顏色。對人類來說,牠們看起來是粉紅與白兩色,但某些昆蟲能看到的顏色比我們可以看到的還多。一隻蝴蝶看到一朵自己無法抗拒、美麗又美味的花朵。很不幸地,對這隻蝴蝶來說,牠不但無法飽餐一頓,這隻可憐的昆蟲反而被那看起來美味的「花朵」從空中一把捉住並吃下肚。
  生物學家仍在研究蘭花螳螂,且還有很多東西需要學習。但有一點是肯定的:蘭花螳螂既美麗又致命。
答案:1. G 2. B 3. I 4. D 5. A 6. J 7. F 8. E 9. H 10. C

 

 

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